Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article


.Assistant Professor,Shahed University,Tehran,Iran



convergence is a voluntary and adaptive process that different political actors to achieve their common Goals, Loyalties, coordinate their Activities and expectations and behave to reach coordination and Alliance in the International arena. The convergence sequel is acceptance to peace, Economical interests, regional Political and Interchanging and mutual understanding. In contrast divergence is meaning to keep out Countries and Groups from each others. In the international arena Divergence lead to keep out countries from each others, Disintegration, Tension and distance relations between countries. Since its inception, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has gone through a period of convergence and divergence driven by political, economic events and crises. OPEC member countries make up a diverse range in terms of population, size, reserves, output, gross domestic product, ideology, and type of relationship with world powers. This diversity, along with internal tensions, has prompted different positions towards the energy market and production quotas. This paper attempts to examine the effects of divergence and convergence among OPEC member countries on the market power of this organization. Therefore, the main research question is formulated as follows “what effects have the divergence and convergence among OPEC members had on the market power of this organization? To answer this question, we have employed a qualitative method of descriptive and analytical nature using library resources and documents.