Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Technology Management, Faculty of Management & Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Management & Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Special attention to the relative advantages of the economy is the best way toward economic development of the country. The chemical sector, due to the country's advantage, owing to its considerable natural oil and gas resources, high variety of products, technology and market, has a significant charm and scope for technological innovation and development. Nowadays, the country's political and economic status has created opportunities for chemicals, but Existing policies have merely increased scientific research articles and in practice it has not cause to technological innovation (Patent).
The first step in the policies for this sector, understanding the factors that influence firms to technology innovation. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze of factors affecting the management of technological innovation in the chemical industry to provide solutions. In this paper, the factors, were investigated by using verification factor analysis and structural equations. Then, the relative importance of each factor was determined based on the Fuzzy BWM method. The results of the present study indicated that, R&D ability, R&D efforts, Sustainable Profitability With the most votes and low-risk chemical synthesis, less chemical waste science and technology diplomacy were ranked last.


Aarikka-stenroos, L., Jaakkola, E., Harrison, D. and Mäkitalo-keinonen, T. 2017. How to manage innovation processes in extensive networks: A longitudinal study. Journal of Industrial Marketing Management. Volume 67, Pages 88–105.
Ahmed, W., Najmi, A. and Ikram, M., 2020. Steering firm performance through innovative capabilities: A contingency approach to innovation management. Technology in Society, Volume 63, Page 101385
Al-Faresi, 2011. Global petrochemical industry worth over USD 600 billion. Available from http://goo.gl/gde6Fw
Altmann, P. and Engberg, R. 2015. Managing Human Resources and Technology Innovation: The Impact of Process and Outcome Uncertainties, International Journal of Innovation Science, Volume 7 (2), Pages 91–106.
Bellegard, N.L. and Prates, R.C. 2017. Determinants of proficiency in underlying processes of technological innovation management. International Journal of Innovation Management, Volume 21(6), 1750045 (38 pages)
Choi, K., Narasimhan, R. and Kim, S.W., 2015. Opening the technological innovation black box: The case of the electronics industry in Korea. European Journal of Operational Research, Volume 250(1), Pages 192–203
Chou, Y.C., Sun, C.C. and Yen, H.Y., 2012.Evaluating the criteria for human resources for science and technology(HRST) based on an integrated fuzzy AHP and fuzzy DEMATEL approach. Applied Soft Computing, Volume 12(1), Pages 64–71
Decker, R., Flaaen, A. and Tito, M., 2016. Unraveling the Oil Conundrum: Productivity Improvements and Cost Declines in the U.S. Shale Oil Industry. Feds Notes. Available via: https://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/notes/feds-notes/2016/unraveling-the-oil-conundrum-productivity-improvements-and-cost-declines-in-the-us-shale-oil-industry-20160322.html
EIA, U.sS. E.I.A., 2019. International Energy Statistics.
Fazeli, A. 2016. Identification and evaluation of effective factors in innovation management in the automotive industry (A case study of Iran Khodro Co.), International Conference of management ELITES, Tehran. (In Persian)
GCC Petrochemicals and Chemicals industry. 2014. Facts and Figures.
Ghasemi Aghababa, A., Bandian, R., and Pak Seresht, S., 2015. Presentation of the Business Model for Technology Innovation Management (Case Study: National Iranian Gas Company), Fifth International Technology Management Conference. (In Persian)
Gracht, H.A., Vennemann, C.R. and Darkow, I.L. 2010, Corporate foresight and innovation management: A portfolio-approach in evaluating organizational development, Futures, Volume 42, Pages 380–393
Guo, S., and Zhao, H., 2017. Fuzzy best-worst multi-criteria decision-making method and its applications. Journal of Knowledge-Based Systems, Volume 121, Pages 23–31.
Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., Anderson, R.E. and Tatham, R., 2006. Multivariate Analysis (6th ed.)”, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.
Hamidi, S. and Benabdeljlil, N., 2015. Managerial and Technological Innovations: Any Relationship. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. Volume 181, Pages 286–292.
Hashem, F., 2016. Evaluation of the Dimensions and Indices of Innovation Management in Advanced Industries (Case Study: Research and Knowledge Research Center), Sixth International Technology Management Conference, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian)
Hassani, H., Silva, E.S. and Al Kaabi, A.M., 2017. The role of innovation and technology in sustaining the petroleum and petrochemical industry. International Journal of Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 119, Pages 1–17.
Hecksher, S., Ferraz, F., Mello, J., Gomes, V., Pullig, T. and Renault, T., 2012. The development of a methodology for innovation management at utility companies in Brazilian electricity distribution sector. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 52, Pages 226 –235.
Hidalgo, A., Herrera, R., 2020. Innovation management and co-creation in KIBs: An approach to the ICT services sector, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 161, and Page 120278
Islamic Parliament Research Center of the Islamic Republic Of Iran., 2015. About the Sixth Development Plan of the Perspectives of the Petrochemical Industry of the country. (In Persian)
Koellinger, P. 2008. The relationship between technology, innovation, and firm performance—Empirical evidence from e-business in Europe, Research Policy, volume 37, Pages 1317–1328
Kralisch, D., Ott, D., Lapkin, A.A., Yaseneva, P., Soete, W.D., Jones, M., Minkov, N. and Finkbeiner, M., 2017. The need for innovation management and decision guidance in sustainable process design. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 172, Pages 2374–2388 1
Lager, T., 2016. Managing innovation and technology in the process industries: Current practices and future perspectives. Procedia Engineering, Volume 138, Pages 459 – 471.
lancker, J.V., Wauters, E. and ,Huylenbroeck, G.V., 2016.Managing innovation in the bioeconomy: An open innovation perspective. Journal. Of Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 90, Pages 60–69.
Lee, M. and Om, K., 1994. A conceptual framework of technological innovation management. Journal of Technovation, Volume 14(1), Pages 7–16.
Leonidou,E., Christofi,M., Vrontis,D. and Thrassou,A. 2018. An integrative framework of stakeholder engagement for innovation management and entrepreneurship development, Journal of Business Research, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.11.054
Li, Y., Yue, J. and Wu, M., 2017. Research on the innovation elements In the process of technology innovation. MATEC Web of Conferences, 100(2017), 03014.
Mir, M., Casadesus, M. and Petnji, L.H., 2016. The impact of standardized innovation management systems on innovation capability and business performance: An empirical study. Journal of Engineering Technology Management, Volume 41, Pages 26–44.
Nadine Niewöhnera, N., Asmara, L., Wortmanna, F., Röltgena, D., Kühna, A. and Dumitrescua, R. 2019. Design fields of agile innovation management in small and medium-sized enterprises, Procedia CIRP, Volume 84, Pages 826–831
Nagano, M.S., Stefanovitz, J. P. and Vich, T.E., 2014. Innovation management process, their internal organizational elements and contextual factors: An investigation in Brazil. Journal of Engineering Technology Management, Volume 33, Pages 63–92
Nassimbeni, G., 2001, Technology, innovation capacity, and the export attitude of small manufacturing firms: a logitrtobit model, Research Policy, volume 30,  Pages 245–262
National Petrochemical Company of Iran. (2016). Annual Report
Odea,E., and Ayavoo,R, .2020.The mediating role of knowledge application in the relationship between knowledge management practices and firm innovation. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, Volume 5, Pages 209–217
Palmqvist, A. and Unevik, P., 2015. Exploring the Design and Use of Innovation Management Systems in Swedish Organizations., Master dissertation, Chalmers university of technology Göteborg, Sweden.
Petroleum Ministry. 2006. Oil and Development Report, General Directorate of Public Relations, Petroleum Ministry, Tehran. (In Persian)
Sadeghi, Y. and Khamseh, A., 2017. Evaluation and Analysis of the Effective Factors on Innovation in Jam Petrochemical Company with Intelligent Technology Approach, Second Annual Management Conference on Intelligence, University of Tehran. (In Persian)
Salerno, M.S., Gomes, L.A., Silva, D.O., Bagno, R.B. and Freitas, S.L.T.U., 2015. Innovation processes: Which process for which project?  Journal of Technovation, Volume 35, Pages 59–70.
Salimi, M.H. (2007). Report of Petrochemical Industries, Iran Research and Production Research Center. (In Persian)
Samuel, V.B., Agamuthu, P. and Hashim, M.A., 2013. Indicators for assessment of sustainable production: a case study of the petrochemical industry in Malaysia. Ecol. Indic. Volume 24, Pages 392–402.
Sebastian, J., 2015. Optimizing Operational Efficiency. Available via: http://www. ogfj.com/articles/print/volume-12/issue-9/features/optimizing-operationalefficiency.html. [Accessed: 19.10.2016]
Sedghiani Baghcheh, M., Nejabat, E. and Mokhtarzadeh, N., 2016. An exploratory model for the development of innovations based on knowledge-based business developers in the downstream petrochemical industry, 6th International Technology Management Conference, Tehran. (In Persian)
Seo, Y.W. and Chae, S.W., 2016. Market dynamics and innovation management on Performance in SMEs: Multi-agent simulation approach. Procedia Computer Science, Volume 91, Pages 707–714.
Silva, F.M, Oliveira, E.A. and Moraes, M.B., 2016. Innovation development process in small and medium technology _based companies. Journal of RAI - Revista de Administração e Inovação. Volume 13(3), Pages 176–189
Solaimani,S., Haghighi Talab,A., and Rhee, B. 2019. An integrative view on Lean innovation management, Journal of Business Research, Volume 105, Pages 109–120
Swamidass, P.M., 2003. Modeling the adoption rates of manufacturing technology innovations by small US manufacturers: a longitudinal investigation, Research Policy, Volume 32, Pages 351–366
Talebi, M.R., 2016. Review of Innovation Management Performance in the New Energy Organization of Iran (SANA), International Conference of Management Elite, Tehran. (In Persian)
Tidey, A., 2015. Breaking the Cycle? Cost Efficiency in Upstream Oil and Gas. Available via: https://www.woodmac.com/blog/breaking-the-cycle-cost-efficiencyin-upstream-oil-and-gas/
Tohidi, Morteza et al. 2015. Strengthening the Innovation Capacity for Aerospace Industry through Systems Engineering Processes as a Management Technology, 5th International Technology Management Conference
Usaia, A., Fianob, F., Messeni Petruzzelli, A., Paoloni, P. Farina Briamontea, and Orlando, B.(2021). Unveiling the impact of the adoption of digital technologies on firms’ innovation performance, Journal of Business Research, Volume 133, Pages 327–336
Valizadeh, J., Sadeh, E., Javanmard, H. and Davodi, H., 2017. The effect of energy prices on energy consumption efficiency in the petrochemical industry in Iran, Alexandria Eng. Journal. Volume 57(4), Pages 2241–2256. (In Persian)
Walrave, B. and Raven, R., 2016. Modeling the dynamics of technological innovation systems. International Journal of Research Policy, Volume 45, Pages 1833–1844.