Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D Candidate, Public Management,Department of Public Management , Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Email: tavakoli_sa@nigc.ir

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Business Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Email: f_haghshenas@iauctb.ac.ir

3 Associate Professor,Department of Public Management , Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Email: Ali.Amirkabiri@iauctb.ac.ir


Despite numerous upstream communications, there is still no comprehensive and reliable model for implementing these tasks, neither in the literature nor in the oil and gas industry. Previously developed models focus more on the outsourcing process. It seems that no outsourcing model has been developed to utilize internal capabilities in a portfolio of alliances and be compatible with the unique characteristics of Iran’s oil and gas industry. In an attempt to validate the components of the “model of development outsourcing physical assets in the oil and gas industry, with the approach of upgrading internal capacity”, this study used a questionnaire in a Likert scale (very high, high, moderate, low, and very low). One hundred two people participated, and 100 completed questionnaires were received from the population. The validity of the variables and the questionnaire were examined using confirmatory factor analysis. SPSS and Smart PLS software packages were used in this research, and the error probability level (α) was considered 0.05. The results showed that the model has a good fit. According to the Geiser index, the fit of the model was medium to high, and the goodness of fit criterion was equal to 461.0, indicating the optimal fit of the model


Main Subjects

Embleton, P.R. and Wright, P.C. (1998). A practical guide to successful outsourcing, Empowerment in Organizations, Vol. 6 No. 3, pp. 94–106. https://doi.org/10.1108/14634449810210832.
Eslami, S., Mirghfouri, S.H and Zarei, M., (2016). A Study of the Strategic Role of Outsourcing in Organizational Performance. Global Conference on Management, Accounting Economics and Humanities at the Beginning of the Third Millennium, Shiraz, https://civilica.com / doc / 524885.
Fallah, S.H., Kashif  Haghighi, M., and Rezaian, A. (2016). Outsourcing decisions based on MCDM multi-criteria method in construction projects, 3rd International Conference on Science and Engineering. https://civilica.com/doc/491645 .
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., and Sinkovics, R. R. (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. In Advances in International Marketing|Adv. Int. Mark. (Vol. 20, pp. 277–319). (Advances in International Marketing). Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1474-7979(2009)0000020014.
Hooman, Haidar Ali (1994). Statistical inference in behavioral research. Published by Tehran: Parsa.
ISO 37500. (2014). Guidance on outsourcing. Retrieved from: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:37500:ed-1:v1:en.
ISO 55000. (2014). Asset management: Overview, principles, and terminology. https://www.iso.org/standard/55088.html.
Jiang, B. and Qureshi, A. (2006). Research on outsourcing results: current literature and future opportunities, Management Decision, Vol. 44 No. 1, pp. 44–55. https://doi.org/10.1108/00251740610641454.
Kakabadse, A. P., and Kakabadse, N. (2005). Outsourcing: current and future trends. Thunderbird International Business Review, 47 (2), 183–204.
Katato, T., Leelawat, N., and Tang, J. (2020). Antecedents of the Outsourcing Relationship: A Systematic Review. Engineering Journal, 24(4), 157–169.‏
Kavosh, N. and Chenari, V. (2018). Investigating the Risk Factors of Outsourcing in Khuzestan Gas Company from the Perspective of Information Security, 6th International Conference on Management and Accounting Techniques, Tehran. https://civilica.com/doc/826744.
Lankford, W.M. and Parsa, F. (1999) Outsourcing: A Primer. Management Decision, 37, 310–316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00251749910269357.
Lawshe, C. H. (1975). A quantitative approach to content validity1. Personnel Psychology, 28(4), 563–575.
Linder, J. C., (2004). Outsourcing as a strategy for driving transformation. Strategy and Leadership. 32(6), 26–31.
Mishra, D., Kumar, S., Sharma, R.R.K., and Dubey, R. (2018). Outsourcing decision: do strategy and structure really matter?, Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 31 No. 1, pp. 26–46. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOCM-04-2017-0144.
Nikitakos N; Pirkatis V. (2007). A Framework for IT outsourcing in shipping. researchgate.net/profile/Nikitas-Nikitakos/publication/281494591_A_FRAMEWORK_FOR_IT_OUTSOURCING_IN_SHIPPING/links/55eb536b08ae65b6389deac7/A-FRAMEWORK-FOR-IT-OUTSOURCING-IN-SHIPPING.pdf.
Nourang, A., Drijani, N., Zamanian Jazi, A. (2017). Review the timing of oil and gas EPC projects based on implementation and contract outsourcing strategies. 6th International Conference on Oil, Gas, and Petrochemicals.
Novak, S., Stern, S. (2008). How Does Outsourcing Affect Performance Dynamics? Evidence from the Automobile Industry. Management Science, 54(12), 1963–1979.
Oshri, Ilan, Kotlarsky, Julia, Willcocks, Leslie P. (2015). The Handbook of Global Outsourcing and Offshoring 3rd edition. Palgrave Macmillan UK. 978-1-137-43742-6. XIV, 351.
Perunović, Z., and Pedersen, J. L. (2007). Outsourcing process and theories. In POMS 18th annual conference (Vol. 10).‏
Rajabzadeh, A., Rostamy, A. A. A., and Hosseini, A. (2008). Designing a generic model for outsourcing process in public sector: evidence of Iran. Management Decision.‏ Vol. 46, No. 4, pp. 521–538.
Seyed Javadin, S.R., Hassangholipour, T. (2011). Outsourcing process. Tehran, Negah Danesh Novin Publishing.
Stone, M., and Geisser, F. (1975). Cross validatory choice and assessment of statistical predictions. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 36(2), 111–147.
Tavakoli S., Haghshenas Kashani F., and Amirkabiri A. (2019). Explaining Model of Outsourcing Development Management of Physical Assets in Oil and Gas Industry: A Case Study of Iranian Gas Transmission Company. Petroleum Business Review (PBR), Vol 3, Issue 4.
Tenenhaus, M., Vinzi, V. E. Chatelin, Y-M., and Lauro, C. (2005). PLS Path Modeling, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis (48:1), pp. 159–205.
Tsay, A. A., Gray, J. V., Noh, I. J., and Mahoney, J. T. (2018). A Review of Production and Operations Management Research on Outsourcing in Supply Chains: Implications for the Theory of the Firm. Production and Operations Management, 27(7), 1177–1220. https://doi.org/10.1111/poms.12855.