Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student, Department of Entrepreneurship, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Department of Accounting, Aliabad Katoul branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran


Entering today’s competitive world, most businesses, especially small and medium-sized businesses (SMSs), have been overwhelmed and frustrated by the monopoly structures of developing economies most of the time because of the recession and the sanctions of powerful countries. The intensity of this tension has increased several times. Thus, the need to focus on entrepreneurial orientation as a strategic principle will be a way to improve and develop these businesses effectively in the economies of societies, especially developing societies such as our society. The purpose of this research is designing a total interpretive structural model (TISM)of the entrepreneurial orientation of SMEs in oil industry. In this qualitative and quantitative methodology, five university experts in the field of entrepreneurship participated in the meta-analysis and Delphi field to identify the research components and propositions from the same research and to reach competence. The identified component theory and propositions were analyzed by Delphi analysis. In the quantitative part, with the participation of 25 managers of SMEs in oil industry and using matrix questionnaires, the identified propositions were stratified into a range of the most influential propositions to the least effective ones. The results of the qualitative analysis section revealed the existence of three main components based on 15 statements. According to the findings in the quantitative section, technologically, the most influential causes in the oriented SMEs in oil industry are the entrepreneurial businesses.


Main Subjects

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