Quarterly Publication
Original Article Law Studies
1. Indirect Expropriation in the Petroleum Industry: The Response of International Arbitrations

Hamid Reza Younesi

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 1-10

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2021.278306.1176

Abstract
  The present article aims to argue indirect expropriation in international petroleum agreements and analyze the response of international arbitrations. In particular, international arbitral awards by the Iran–US claims tribunal, the Yukos case as an energy charter treaty arbitration, and certain ...  Read More

Original Article Oil and Gas Economics and Management
2. Determining and Estimating the Factors Influencing the Export of Urea Petrochemical Products to Export Destinations (UAE, Turkey, China, and India) Using Autoregression with the Distributive Lag Model (ARDL)

Ali Fakour; Vida Varahrami; Shahram Gohari Far

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 11-30

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2021.284363.1190

Abstract
  As the largest exporter of non-oil products, the petrochemical industry’s growth and development have a significant role in economic prosperity. Considering the sanctions on crude oil exports in recent years and the problem of crude oil sales, it is essential to pay attention to this industry as ...  Read More

Original Article Accounting
3. Assessing the Effect of Abnormal Stock Returns on the Content of the Autopoietic Restructuring Theory: A Case Study of Petrochemical Industry Companies

Ali Habibi; Farzaneh Heidarpoor; Afsaneh Tavangar Hamzeh Kolaie

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 31-51

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2021.289086.1202

Abstract
  With the increasing competitiveness of the capital market, one topic attracting the attention of many financial researchers in recent years is the formation of abnormal stock returns as a stimulus for restructuring companies due to the difference between actual returns and expected (normal) returns. ...  Read More

Original Article Oil and Gas Economics and Management
4. The Parameters for Drafting Insurance and Indemnity Contractual Clauses as the Subset of Risk Allocation Provisions Outlined in the Main Types of Upstream Petroleum Contracts: A Case Study of IPC

Shima Sakhaei; Abbas Kazemi Najafabadi

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 53-72

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2021.282922.1184

Abstract
  Various types of hazard exist in the upstream oil and gas industry. Therefore, the contracting parties of any petroleum contract always try to reduce the inevitable economic burdens of occurring adverse events arising out of risks in the course of petroleum operation by applying legal approaches such ...  Read More

Original Article Oil and Gas Economics and Management
5. Strategic Management Environmental Pattern in National Iranian Oil Company

Seyyed Abdollah Razavi; Iman Mohammadali Tajrishi; Mohammad Hossein Mahdavi Adeli

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 73-84

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2021.303655.1223

Abstract
  Purpose and necessity of research: The main issue of this research emerged when a considerable amount of strategy formulation in various petroleum companies in Iran was considered, where documents followed the classical patterns such as the David model of strategy formulation in the prescriptive–consecutive ...  Read More

Original Article Oil and Gas Economics and Management
6. Rough Process for Selecting the Most Effective Functions of Supply Chain Flexibility Based on Competitive Value Integration Propositions: A Case Study of Petrochemical Industry

Alireza Aghabeiki Alughareh; Ehsan Sadeh; Zinolabedin Amini Sabegh

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 85-108

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2021.283969.1185

Abstract
  In a complex and ever-changing environment, competitive values play a crucial role in shaping the supply chain strategies of companies operating in an industry, such as the petrochemical industry. The greater the integration of a company’s competitive values against other competitors, the more ...  Read More