Quarterly Publication
Original Article Oil and Gas Economics and Management
1. Nord Stream 2 and the Strategic Balance of Power

Abed Akbari; Tahere Moghri Moazen

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 1-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.115496

Abstract
  The pipeline project, Nord Stream 2 (NS2), has been an issue of controversies. Russia and Germany consider the project an economic contract, but the United-States and Eastern European countries have concerns about its geopolitical effects. These disputes have created a divide in Europe and have posed ...  Read More

Original Article Accounting
2. The Relationship between Stock Liquidity (from Corporate Governance and Informational Efficiency Points of View) and Default Risk in Iran's Petrochemical Industry and Oil Products Companies

Abbas Alimoradi; Asgar Khademvatani; Fariba Gholami

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 13-34

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.104108

Abstract
  The main purpose of this research is to explain why and how the stock liquidity affects the default risk of petrochemical and petroleum products companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange. The study used experimental data and parametric tests in order to estimate the relationship between stock liquidity ...  Read More

Original Article Energy Management and Engineering
3. Designing an Environmental Model of Sustainable Development in the Iranian Gas Industry

Mohammad Babaei; Assadollah Mehrara; Mehrdad Matani; Mohammad Reza Bagherzadeh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 35-59

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.115310

Abstract
  Todays, the issue of environmental instability and destructive environmental behavior can leave many irreparable effects and damage on future ecosystems and the lives of future generations. Method: This study aimed to present an environmental model of sustainable development in the Iranian gas industry. ...  Read More

Original Article Oil and Gas Economics and Management
4. The Effects of Green Tax Implementation on Labor Demand in Iranian Industry Sector

Mohammad Reza Lotfalipour; Elmira Zohourian; Mohammad Ali Falahi; Malihe Ashena

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 61-73

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.117710

Abstract
  Environmental tax reform can be used in a fundamental transformation towards a green economy. Green tax may reduce the energy consumption and pollution emissions, as well as other economic benefits. This study mainly focused on the effects of green taxes on labor demand in Iranian industry sector during ...  Read More

Original Article Energy Management and Engineering
5. Identification and Ranking of the Most Suitable Virtual Currencies for Selling Crude Oil Under Sanctions

Sina Sarvi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 75-93

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.113684

Abstract
  By intensifying sanctions against Islamic Republic of Iran, identification and development of mechanisms to sell crude oil has gained attention among most experts and oil industry activists. Limitations for financial transactions and settlements are one of the fundamental challenges in international ...  Read More

Original Article Accounting
6. The Analysis of Sustainable Supply Chain Risks Based on the FMEA Method in the Oil and Gas industry and Factors Affecting Risk Management

Amir Reza Keyghobadi; Amin Ebadi; Mohammad Reza Yeganegi; Mohammad Reza Motadel

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 95-116

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.115177

Abstract
  Supply Chain Sustainability is a new and highly influential debate that has drawn the attention of researchers in the field of supply chain management. This concept is particularly important in the oil and gas industry because of its nature and the risks and sustainability risks associated with this ...  Read More