Quarterly Publication

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD student, Department of Entrepreneurship, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Department of Accounting, Aliabad Katoul branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran

Abstract

Entering today’s competitive world, most businesses, especially small and medium-sized businesses (SMSs), have been overwhelmed and frustrated by the monopoly structures of developing economies most of the time because of the recession and the sanctions of powerful countries. The intensity of this tension has increased several times. Thus, the need to focus on entrepreneurial orientation as a strategic principle will be a way to improve and develop these businesses effectively in the economies of societies, especially developing societies such as our society. The purpose of this research is designing a total interpretive structural model (TISM)of the entrepreneurial orientation of SMEs in oil industry. In this qualitative and quantitative methodology, five university experts in the field of entrepreneurship participated in the meta-analysis and Delphi field to identify the research components and propositions from the same research and to reach competence. The identified component theory and propositions were analyzed by Delphi analysis. In the quantitative part, with the participation of 25 managers of SMEs in oil industry and using matrix questionnaires, the identified propositions were stratified into a range of the most influential propositions to the least effective ones. The results of the qualitative analysis section revealed the existence of three main components based on 15 statements. According to the findings in the quantitative section, technologically, the most influential causes in the oriented SMEs in oil industry are the entrepreneurial businesses.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Al-Ansaari, Y., Bederr, H., Chen, C. (2015). Strategic Orientation and Business Performance, Management Decision, 53(10): pp. 2287-2302. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-01-2015-0034

Andrel, J, A., Keith, S, W., Leiby, B, E. (2009). Meta‐analysis: A Brief Introduction, Clinical and Translational Science, 2(5): pp. 374–378.

Attri, r., Dev, n., & Sharma, v. (2013). Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) Approach: An Overview. Research Journal of Management Sciences, 2(2), 6.

Basco, R., Hernandez Perlines, F., Rodriguez Garcia, M. (2019). The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Firm Performance: A Multigroup Analysis Comparing China, Mexico, and Spain, Journal of Business Research, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.09.020

Covin, G., Lumpkin, G, T. (2011). Entrepreneurial Orientation Theory and Research: Reflections on a Needed Construct. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(5): pp. 855–872.

Covin, J. G., Green, K. M., & Slevin, D. P. (2006). Strategic Process Effects on the Entrepreneurial Orientation–Sales Growth Rate Relationship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30(1), pp.57–81.

D'Angelo, A., Presutti, M. (2018). SMEs in the oil industry International Growth: The Moderating Role of Experience on Entrepreneurial and Learning Orientations, International Business Review, 28(3): pp. 613–624

Deshpandé, R., Grinstein, A., Kim, S., Ofek, E. (2013). Achievement Motivation, Strategic Orientations and Business Performance in Entrepreneurial Firms, International Marketing Review, 30(3): pp. 231–252. https://doi.org/10.1108/02651331311321981

Dess, G., and Lumpkin, G, T. (2005). The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Stimulating Effective Corporate Entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Executive, 19(1): pp. 147–156.

Farzaneh Hssanzadeh, J., Nasehifar, V. (2018). The Effect of Organizational Entrepreneurial Orientation & Market Learning Capability on Entrepreneurial Export (The Case of Food Industry). Management Studies in Development and Evolution, 27(89), pp. 145–169. doi: 10.22054/jmsd.2018.20919.2211 (In Persian)

Feiz D, Shaabani A. Investigating the Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation on the Export Power of Small and Medium Enterprises with Emphasis on Mediating Role of Organizational Learning Capability and Innovation Performance, 15(12): pp. 93–108 (In Persian)

Gartner, W. B. (1988). “Who is an Entrepreneur?” is the Wrong Question. American Small Business Journal, 10(3): pp. 11−31

Genc, E., Dayan, M., Genc, O, F. (2019). The Impact of SME Internationalization on Innovation: The Mediating Role of Market and Entrepreneurial Orientation, Industrial Marketing Management, 82(3): pp. 253–264

Hasanzadeh, Zh, F., Nasehifard, V. (2018). The Impact of Organizational Entrepreneurship Tendency and Learning Ability on Entrepreneurial Exports, Quarterly Journal of Management Studies, 27(89): pp. 145–169.  (In Persian).

Hooi, H., Ahmad, N., Amran, A. and Rahman, S. (2016). The Functional role of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Entrepreneurial Bricolage in Ensuring Sustainable Entrepreneurship, Management Research Review, 39(12): pp. 1616–1638. https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-06-2015-0144

Hughes, M.; Morgan, R.E. (2007). Deconstructing the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Business Performance at the Embryonic Stage of Firm Growth”, Industrial Market Management, 36(5): pp. 657–661

Jia, J., Wang, G., Zhao, X., Yu, X. (2014). Exploring the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Corporate Performance, Nankai Business Review International, 5(3): pp. 326–344. https://doi.org/10.1108/NBRI-05-2014-0024

Jiang, X., Liu, H., Fey, C., Jiang, F. (2018). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Network Resource Acquisition, and Firm Performance: A Network Approach, Journal of Business Research, 87(5): pp. 46–57.

Kantur, D. (2016). Strategic Entrepreneurship: Mediating the Entrepreneurial Orientation-Performance link, Management Decision, 54(1): pp. 24–43. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-11-2014-0660

Karami, A., Griffits, G., Karami, H., Younespor, Z. (2019). The Impact of entrepreneurial Orientation on the Export Performance of SMEs in the oil industry with the Mediating Role of Learning Capabilities. Journal of International Business Administration, 1(3): pp. 43–57. (In Persian)

Karimi, A., Rahmani, S. (2017). The Influence of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Business Performance by the Mediation Process of Knowledge Creation (Case Study: Small and Medium Businesses), 5(3): pp. 143–171. (In Persian)

Lan, Q., Wu, S. (2010). An Empirical Study of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Degree of Internationalization of Small and Medium‐Sized Chinese Manufacturing Enterprises, Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 2(1): pp. 53–75. https://doi.org/10.1108/17561391011019023

Malone, D. W. (2014). An Introduction to the Application of Interpretive Structural Modeling. Proceedings of the IEEE, 63(3), pp. 397–404.

Najafi Moghaddam, A., Ramsheh, M. (2018). The Moderating Effect of Firm Value and Liquidity on the Relationship between Managerial Overconfidence and R&D. Petroleum Business Review, 2(3), pp. 40–46.

Putnins, T, J., Sauka, A. (2019). Why does Entrepreneurial Orientation Affect Company Performance? Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.1325

Ramesh, A., Banwet, D.K., Shankar, R. (2010). “Modeling the Barriers of Supply Chain Collaboration”, Journal of Modelling in Management, 5(2): pp. 176–193.

Sahoo, S., Yadav, S. (2017). Entrepreneurial orientation of SMEs in the oil industry, Total Quality Management and Firm Performance, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 28(7): pp. 892–912. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMTM-04-2017-0064

Shariat, S., Dortaj, F., Abbaspour, A., Delavar, A., Sa`dipour, E. (2018). Designing a Strategist Training Model at National Iranian Oil Company Based on a Mixed Approach. Petroleum Business Review, 2(1), pp. 34–44.

 

Singh, M. D., & Kant, R. (2011). Knowledge Management Barriers: An Interpretive Structural Modeling Approach. International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management, 3(2), 10.

Stevenson, H, H., Jarillo, J, C. (1990). A paradigm of Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Management. Strategic Management Journal, 11(3): pp. 17–27.

Stirling, J. (2001). Thematic Networks: An Analytic Tool for Qualitative Research. Qualitative Research; 1(3): pp. 385–405.

Storey, C., Hughes, M. (2013). The relative Impact of Culture, Strategic Orientation and Capability on New Service Development Performance, European Journal of Marketing, 47(5/6): pp. 833–856. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090561311306903

Taghvaee, S., Hejazi, S. (2018). The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Strategic Learning: Defining the Role of Effectuation Strategy. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 11(2), pp. 301–320. doi:10.22059/jed.2018.258325.652598 (In Persian)

Taylor, P. (2013). The Effect of entrepreneurial Orientation on the Internationalization of SMEs in the oil industry in Developing Countries. African Journal of Business Management, 7(19): pp. 1927– 1937.

Timmons, J. A. (1990). New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship in the 1990s. Homewood, Illinois: Irwin.

Zarei, A., Bagheri Garbollagh, H. (2019). Examining the Role of Social Capital on New Product Development: Emphasizing the Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Knowledge-Based Companies, 17(36): pp. 5–16. (In Persian)