Legal Aspects of Technology Transfer through Foreign Investment in Oil and Gas Industry

Document Type: Original Article


1 Associate Professor, International Trade Law and Intellectual Property Rights and Cyberspace Group, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A in Private Law, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran


Foreign investment contracts are one of the major ways to absorb the technology in the oil and gas industry. Studies show that governments and investing companies prefer to gain more profit, control economic resources and political influence by investing financially and technically in developing countries unless buying foreign technology and intellectual property rights directly. On the other hand, for developing countries, the sum of foreign capital and technology within a contract is a great opportunity for advancement, provided that the choice of technology transfer is made with due regard to the country's needs, requirements and economic future. In this article, after examining the relationship between investment and technology transfer and its various methods in the oil and gas industry, we will analyze the constraints and barriers of technology transfer through foreign investment in developing countries (including Iranian law) and provide a solution.
Keywords: Foreign Investment, Technology Transfer, Oil & Gas Industry, Mutual Trade, Intellectual Property Rights.