Quarterly Publication
Oil and Gas Economics and Management
1. Nord Stream 2 and the Strategic Balance of Power

Abed Akbari; Tahere Moghri Moazen

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 1-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2020.115496

Abstract
  The pipeline project, Nord Stream 2 (NS2), has been an issue of controversies. Russia and Germany consider the project an economic contract, but the United-States and Eastern European countries have concerns about its geopolitical effects. These disputes have created a divide in Europe and have posed ...  Read More

Law Studies
2. Geopolitical Future of Oil Market in Shadow of USA Sanctions Policy

Morteza Shokri; Ali Esmaeili Ardakani

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 15-25

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2019.113880

Abstract
  Economic sanctions imposed on heterogeneous states have played an important role as a tool of pressure in recent decades. Considering that most states nonconforming with the US are important players on the energy market, large part of this country’s sanctions policies has focused on the energy ...  Read More

Law Studies
3. Energy Dual Pricing in Iran and Its Impact on Accession to the World Trade Organization

Mahsa Farhaanjam; Abdolhossein Shiravi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 13-25

http://dx.doi.org/10.22050/pbr.2018.99369

Abstract
  Energy has been always the focus of attention since the establishment of the WTO.The significance of this issue was doubled when the major energy-producing countries states sought to join the WTO.To join the WTO,many energy-producing and energy-exporting states inevitably needed to modify and change ...  Read More